Fish gene banks

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The legal predecessor of NARIC HAKI, formed at 01. of January 2014., the Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation (more earlier Fish Culture Research Institute) since the middle of ’60-ies have started the formation of live gene bank of Common carp strains and landraces, and since the beginning of ’80-ies this activity was extended to sturgeon species, which were continued till nowadays. Due to the achieved results in formation and maintenance of these gene banks nowadays the Institute is internationally well acknowledged, the co-workers in this field were participated in several national and international projects and were acting as experts in different programmes aiming the improvement of Common carp strains and aquaculture production and restoration of sturgeon species.

 

Gene bank of Common carp

The “ex-situ” gene bank of Common carp was established in the sixties of last century by Dr. János Bakos. At the beginning works were focused on the comparison of production performance values of different native and foreign strains and landraces, improvement their genetic resources and  producing high performance „hybrid” carp lines. Nowadays priority is given to production of stress and diseases resistant hybrids and maintenance of different strains for research and conservation purposes. One of the priorities during our conservation work is the deeper genetic characterization and maintenance of the native wild carps. In parallel with the costly maintenance of “ex-situ” live gene bank a cryopreserved genebank was established for the sperm of strains, either representing native varieties of carp or special genetic background. Recently 16 Hungarian and 6 foreign strains and landraces are kept and maintained in the live gene bank.

 

Gene bank of sturgeon

In Hungary the sturgeon's related research and development works in the early 50's were focused on the production of sterlet fry and fingerlings in order to enhance the natural populations. Later, in the early 80 's experimental works started for introducing new sturgeon species (bester, Siberian and Russian sturgeon, paddlefish) into the Hungarian aquaculture. The sturgeon gene bank related activities are focused on the reproduction biology, artificial propagation, broodstock rearing and management, hybridisation, intensive rearing technology, quantitative and qualitative nutrient requirements and feeding technology, mathematical modelling of growth and production technology, diseases and pathological processes, economical analysis of aquaculture production, e.t.c.. Nowadays four indigenous (sterlet, great sturgeon, Russian sturgeon and stellate sturgeon) and two non-native species (Siberian sturgeon and paddlefish) are kept and maintained in the live gene bank.

 

The development of the webpage (in 4 languages) has been 
supported by the AQUAREDPOT project funded by the European Commission (FP7-316266).

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